Hegira is a medieval Latin transliteration of the Arabic word meaning “departure” or “migration”, among other definitions. Alternative transliterations of the word include Hijra or Hijrah. The word is commonly used to refer to the journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in the year 622. The year in which the Hijrah took place is also identified as the epoch of the Islamic calendar, which is also known as the Hijri calendar; its date equates to 16 July 622 in the Julian calendar.
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